Family Law

Injunctions

At Legal Pathway Solicitors, we understand the complexities and sensitivities surrounding the need for legal protection in personal situations. Our expertise in UK Divorce Law positions us to offer comprehensive guidance and support in securing injunctions aimed at safeguarding you and your children from domestic abuse, harassment, or violence. An injunction serves as a legal mechanism, authorising the court to either prevent certain actions or to mandate specific behaviours from an individual.

Injunctions

Injunctions

Types of Injunctions for Your Protection

Occupation Orders: This form of injunction governs residency rights within the family home and delineates who is permitted within its vicinity. Should you find yourself in a position where cohabitation with a former partner becomes untenable, requesting them to vacate the premises or maintain a distance from you, an occupation order may provide a solution. It can outline financial responsibilities related to the residence and designate the use of particular areas within the home. Eligibility for an occupation order requires a legal entitlement to the property, and evidence must be presented to demonstrate the potential for significant harm in the absence of such an order. Immediate applications are possible under circumstances of urgent risk, followed by a court hearing to deliberate both parties’ arguments. Occupation orders are typically provisional, subject to extension or modification as needed.

Prohibited Steps Orders: To prevent actions that could negatively impact a child’s welfare, such as unauthorised relocation, name changes, or educational disruption, a prohibited steps order can be pursued. Holding parental responsibility entails the authority to request this injunction, necessitating proof of its necessity to avert harm or distress to the child. Applications can proceed without prior notification to the opposing party in cases of immediate danger, leading to a judicial hearing for a comprehensive review. The duration of a prohibited steps order is conditional, with provisions for adjustments as circumstances evolve.

Specific Issue Orders: When disputes arise over critical decisions in a child’s upbringing—covering education, health care, religious practices, or familial contact—a specific issue order can mandate or restrict certain determinations. Applicants must demonstrate parental responsibility and argue that the order serves the child’s best interests. The court will consider these requests, potentially requiring a hearing to resolve the matter. These orders remain in effect until a predetermined condition is met, with options for alteration in response to changing situations.

How Legal Pathway Solicitors Can Assist

Our team of empathetic and skilled family law solicitors is at your disposal to navigate the intricacies of injunction applications. We offer counsel on eligibility, gather necessary evidence, assist with form completion, and represent you in court proceedings. We aim to alleviate the emotional burden of this process, striving for a resolution that ensures your and your children’s safety and well-being.

You are welcome to reach out for a complimentary initial consultation if you need specific information about applying for injunctions. Legal Pathway Solicitors can help you secure the legal protection you need.

Occupation Orders

Urgency and sensitivity are required when you or your children are at risk from an abusive or violent partner. An Occupation Order represents a crucial legal measure designed to ensure your safety and security at home. This order legally dictates who is permitted to live in or enter the family home and its vicinity, enabling you to remain safely in your residence or to exclude a threatening partner legally.

Protecting Your Safety with Occupation Orders

Occupation Orders are legal directives under Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996, focusing on the occupancy rights within the family home. These orders can specify who is allowed to stay in, return to, or be barred from the property, primarily to protect individuals from abusive partners. It’s important to note that an Occupation Order does not change the ownership of the property but serves as a temporary solution, typically lasting between six to twelve months, with the possibility of an extension based on your circumstances. These orders apply to properties that were, are, or are intended to be shared by both parties involved.

Furthermore, Occupation Orders can define responsibilities regarding the upkeep of the property, including payments for the mortgage, rent, and utilities. To apply, you must show a significant connection to the opposing party and prove your legal right to occupy the property, whether as an owner, joint owner, or tenant, including those who are former spouses or legal tenants.

Our Commitment to Your Protection

Legal Pathway Solicitors is dedicated to guiding you through the process of obtaining an Occupation Order that suits your specific needs. Our team of skilled solicitors will advocate for your protection, emphasising the urgency of your situation to the court.

Applying for an Occupation Order

Initiating an application involves completing Form FL401 and submitting it to the court. It’s important to highlight that there is no fee for applying for an Occupation Order, although legal representation costs may apply, especially in contested cases.

Swift Action in Emergencies

In urgent situations, an application for an Occupation Order can be expedited and potentially processed within 24 hours to address immediate safety concerns.

We Are Here to Help

Legal Pathway Solicitors invites you to a confidential consultation with our specialist team to evaluate your case and discuss your legal options. Our firm, recognised for our expertise and commitment to clients facing domestic abuse scenarios, also advises on the pursuit of non-molestation orders alongside Occupation Orders for comprehensive protection against abuse and violence.

Additional Protection: Non-Molestation Orders

For further safeguarding against physical violence and serious harassment, including threats to children, we also assist with applications for non-molestation orders. During your consultation, we will provide detailed information on both Occupation and Non-Molestation Orders and how they can work together to protect you and your loved ones.

Legal Pathway Solicitors is dedicated to delivering reliable and empathetic legal support to ensure your safety and peace of mind.

Prohibited Steps Orders

In situations where your child’s well-being is at risk, taking legal measures to safeguard them becomes paramount. Legal Pathway Solicitors offer specialised assistance in applying for prohibited steps orders—a legal instrument designed to prevent certain actions by a parent or guardian without the authorisation of the other parent or the court. This court order is instrumental in ensuring the child’s welfare and preventing any adverse changes to their situation.

Prohibited steps orders can restrict various actions, including:

  • Removing the child from the country without prior consent.
  • Altering the child’s legal name.
  • Withdrawing the child from their educational institution.
  • Subjecting the child to potentially harmful individuals or surroundings.
  • Making unilateral medical decisions.

Initiating a Prohibited Steps Order Application

Anyone holding parental responsibility, such as parents, step-parents, or grandparents, can apply for a prohibited steps order. This also extends to children deemed sufficiently mature to comprehend their circumstances. The court’s primary consideration is the child’s best interests, including their perspectives based on their age and comprehension levels.

Pre-application Mediation

Before filing your application, participation in a Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting (MIAM) is required unless an exemption applies, such as instances of domestic abuse. This meeting is crucial for exploring alternative dispute resolutions outside of court.

Procedure for Applying

The application process begins with a mandatory mediation and assessment meeting (MIAM), followed by filling out and submitting a C100 form to the court, accompanied by a £232 court fee. The application should be supported with relevant evidence and specify if it’s being made with or without notice to the other party. Subsequent steps involve a court hearing to deliberate on the application, potentially leading to a temporary order and further dispute-resolution efforts.

Upon granting the order, compliance with its stipulations is mandatory, including notifying the affected parties and enforcing the order through the court if necessary.

Legal Pathway Solicitors: Your Legal Ally

At Legal Pathway Solicitors, we are equipped to guide and represent you in applying for or opposing a prohibited steps order. Our services encompass:

  • Application and defence for prohibited steps orders.
  • Negotiations and preparations for court proceedings.
  • Representation in court.
  • Comprehensive advice on legal rights and options.
  • Continuous support throughout the legal process.

We also extend our expertise to other family law areas, including divorce, child arrangements, domestic violence, and financial agreements. We offer a complimentary initial consultation and fixed-fee services to alleviate the emotional and financial stress often associated with these matters, ensuring the best possible outcome for you and your child.

Specific Issue Orders: 

Parenting or holding parental responsibility often involves critical child welfare decisions. Sometimes, these decisions lead to disagreements with another responsible party. This could involve schooling, medical treatments, religious upbringing, or overseas travel decisions. In such instances, a Specific Issue Order, a directive from a UK family court, becomes essential. It addresses specific concerns related to a child’s parental responsibility.

When is it Necessary?

Disputes in the wake of a divorce or separation, particularly concerning child arrangements, often require legal intervention. This is where a Specific Issue Order steps in, aiding in resolving custody and arrangement conflicts. Its authority is crucial, allowing one parent to make certain decisions independently.

Areas Covered by Specific Issue Orders

These orders can dictate decisions on:

  • Educational choices for the child.
  • Types of education, secular or religious.
  • Medical care.
  • Child’s living arrangements.
  • The child’s social interactions.

Eligibility to Apply

Eligible applicants include:

  • Parents or guardians with direct care responsibilities.
  • Individuals under a Child Arrangement Order living with the child.
  • Step-parents with parental duties.

For others, a court application is required to seek this order.

Mediation: A Crucial Step

Before applying, attending a Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting (MIAM) is vital unless exempt. This meeting explores alternative dispute resolution methods. It’s a legal prerequisite, yet exemptions exist, like in cases of domestic abuse.

Application Process for a Specific Issue Order

Post-mediation, you’ll need to fill out a C100 form to confirm your mediation efforts. With this completed, approach our family solicitors at Legal Pathway Solicitors to file for the order. A mandatory court fee of £215 is required, subject to exemptions. The process includes attending a court hearing with all relevant parties.

In urgent cases where mediation isn’t possible, an expedited application can be made without the other party’s permission.

Court Considerations and Final Decision

The court weighs various factors, primarily focusing on the child’s welfare. Considerations include the child’s feelings, needs, well-being, and educational needs. The child’s age, gender, and background are also taken into account. The court’s final decision aims to serve the child’s best interests.

Instances Warranting a Specific Issue Order

Cases where a parent fails to adhere to agreed terms or risks the child’s welfare may lead to the court issuing this order.

How Legal Pathway Solicitors Can Assist

Navigating these legal waters requires expert guidance. Our team at Legal Pathway Solicitors offers comprehensive advice and support in family and child law matters. Whether resolving issues outside court or proceeding with litigation, we’re here to bolster your chances of a favourable outcome.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about agreements and family law.

How does the court decide on granting a Prohibited Steps Order?

When considering a Prohibited Steps Order, the court’s primary focus is on the child’s best interests. This overarching principle guides the decision-making process, with several key factors being evaluated:

  • Child’s Wishes and Feelings: The court looks into what the child desires, taking their age and maturity into account to gauge their understanding.
  • Child’s Needs: The physical, emotional, and educational requirements of the child are assessed.
  • Impact of Changes: Any potential changes in the child’s circumstances and their effects are considered.
  • Child’s Background: The age, sex, and any other relevant characteristics of the child, including their background, play a role in the court’s decision.
  • Risk of Harm: The court examines any past harm or future risk of harm to the child.
  • Parental Capability: The ability of each parent or guardian to fulfil the child’s needs is evaluated.
  • Legal Powers: The court also considers the range of powers available to it in making a decision.

The court will further assess the urgency and nature of the issue at hand, the evidence presented by both parties, and whether issuing such an order is both necessary and proportionate. A Prohibited Steps Order is made only if deemed essential for the child’s welfare.

An Occupation Order is designed to regulate who can live in a particular home. You may be eligible to apply if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • Legal Rights: If you are the owner or tenant of the home or the spouse or civil partner of the owner or tenant.
  • Marital or Partnership Connection: Even without a legal right to the property, if you are married or in a civil partnership with someone who does have the right, you can apply.
  • Cohabitation: If you have lived with the owner or tenant as a couple for at least six months within the last year.
  • Former Relationships: Former spouses, civil partners, or cohabitants of the person with a legal right to the property are also eligible.
  • Family Ties: Relatives of the person with a legal right to live in the home can apply if they have lived with them for at least 12 months.

This order is a means to provide protection and clarity on housing rights, especially during disputes or breakdowns in relationships.

Testimonials
From Our Clients​
belinda kuagbelabelinda kuagbela
22:59 15 Apr 24
syed dibaSyed Diba
12:53 07 Feb 24
Romana Kousar is a experienced solicitor who helped me alot and guided me for my immigration matter. I will still be facing difficulties if i did not have her as my lawyer. I recommend everyone to come to her.
farhana rahmanFarhana Rahman
18:07 06 Feb 24
The staff were very helpful in arranging a quick advice appointment. On arrival they were friendly and Romana reviewed our case thoroughly, provided us with vaulable advice and many options. We felt relieved that we had a positive case as we were stressing over a sponsorship visa. Highly recommend Legal pathway solicitors as they are very helpful and professional.
rabia aliRabia Ali
13:34 16 Aug 23
I am so happy today as I got good news for my case! First I did not know what to do and things were difficult for me. I had been to many lawyers. Then finally met a trustworthy solicitor Romana Kousar who really helped me so much. I can not thank her enough for what she has done for me. I will always recommend her.
faheem ghaznaviFaheem Ghaznavi
10:15 22 Jul 23
All i want to say is how knowledgable and helpful person Romana is. She handled my file and always gave me good advice. She always listened to my problems. I was in a messy situation. I am so glad someone recommended me to her. Well done Romana keep doing hard work.
sumera ahmadSumera Ahmad
09:16 22 Jul 23
Excellent Solicitor Romana. We got high standard care on our court case. She helped me win in court. She made communication easy and everything was clear for me.
belinda kuagbelabelinda kuagbela
22:59 15 Apr 24
syed dibaSyed Diba
12:53 07 Feb 24
Romana Kousar is a experienced solicitor who helped me alot and guided me for my immigration matter. I will still be facing difficulties if i did not have her as my lawyer. I recommend everyone to come to her.
farhana rahmanFarhana Rahman
18:07 06 Feb 24
The staff were very helpful in arranging a quick advice appointment. On arrival they were friendly and Romana reviewed our case thoroughly, provided us with vaulable advice and many options. We felt relieved that we had a positive case as we were stressing over a sponsorship visa. Highly recommend Legal pathway solicitors as they are very helpful and professional.
rabia aliRabia Ali
13:34 16 Aug 23
I am so happy today as I got good news for my case! First I did not know what to do and things were difficult for me. I had been to many lawyers. Then finally met a trustworthy solicitor Romana Kousar who really helped me so much. I can not thank her enough for what she has done for me. I will always recommend her.
faheem ghaznaviFaheem Ghaznavi
10:15 22 Jul 23
All i want to say is how knowledgable and helpful person Romana is. She handled my file and always gave me good advice. She always listened to my problems. I was in a messy situation. I am so glad someone recommended me to her. Well done Romana keep doing hard work.
sumera ahmadSumera Ahmad
09:16 22 Jul 23
Excellent Solicitor Romana. We got high standard care on our court case. She helped me win in court. She made communication easy and everything was clear for me.
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